Wonderful region of Transylvania, a remarkable civilization, with rich soil and subsoil, with endless forests and clean rivers has a rich history and a great strategic value.
Transylvanian Basin was created by a plunge and sedimentary sand and limestone for millions of years in. The rivers were deepened, ground dried.
Transylvania has an area of 102.000 sq.km.. It is surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains like a defensive fort. Gives this land rich meadows and herbs that nourish flocks, and valleys are green oasis.
Transylvania Plateau, rich in wooded hills bathed in clear waters is their intersecting. Olt and Mures are the most important.
A multitude of rivers and streams descend from the heights secret murmurous. Clay,and even marble sands are other sources of wealth. Our ancestors have their roots deeply embedded in this land, developing language and occupations, in a word life.
Daco-Romans, result of the process of Romanization between 106-247 d. Hr. we meet both imperial province of Dacia area but also outside it, where the faithful lived free Dacia. Romanian Dacia emerged in cities, among the most prominent being Ulpia Traiana. A trace of living Daco-Roman and proto area was discovered near Sibiu in Racovita, the time of the Stone. In the suburbs of Sibiu, Gusterita himself Turnisor, Archaeological discoveries have been made in the Paleolithic and Neolithic, especially in the Bronze Age, We are finding a large deposit of objects (in 1870, in Turnisor).
In Gusterita they have found traces of Dacian settlements, Roman walls, ceramics and objects.
Franconia, Flemings, valonii, Germanic populations colonizing these places (Sibiu today) the 1186. The most famous legend about the foundation of Sibiu (Hermannstadt) speaks of Saxon leader, named Hermann, who asked to include his land as an ox skin. He cut the skin in very thin strips, Odorless them and included, the perimeter that has allowed so crafted skin, first settlement around which raised the city Sibiu.
In 1366 Sibiu became the city.
In 1500, constructions – houses and Gothic cathedral in classic style spread over several hectares. In Turnisor,Cristian,Apold Upper and setting Landlers.
Over time, countless unrest occurred for justice, freedom, faith and nation, resulting in successes and failures.
In 1791 clergy, nobility and laity Romanian nation in Transylvania drawn up a memorandum insisting on local character of the Romanian nation and establish its primacy in Transylvania, It is against the expression of “The tolerance allowed non recepta” they support minorities in the.
This statement is called suplex Libellus valachorum and is intended Emperor Leopold 2 lea, It is printed in the workshop of Peter Barth in Sibiu.
In 1821 founded the first lithography in Sadu, Sibiu county. In 1835 It appears the first newspaper “Gazeta Transylvania” Brasov belonging to George Baritiu, then “Sheet for the mind,heart and literature”.
In 1848 held in the Romanian revolution. Avram Iancu said in Sibiu: “Not philosophical and humanitarian arguments you can convince tyrants, but the lance as Horea!”
In 1848 the big problem annexation of Transylvania to Hungary, Andrei Saguna goes to Budapest and try to solve this problem. “Whether civilized Europe knows how to respect both human rights, to judge whether it is in accordance with divine laws and social that where 6-700.000 souls form three different nations, 1.300.000 souls be completely pushed aside”. As a result, under the influence of Baron M. Weseleny has prepared a bill that would guarantee liberal nationality and language Romanian. Baron Miklos Weseleny advocates Romanian nation. being blind, tell me more: “The future is darker than the darkness my eyes. Only peace and understanding can save us…”
In 1861 was founded “ASTRA”, founded by Bishop Andrei Saguna.